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About Corbett National Park Tourism

Named after the hunter and conservationist, Corbett National Park is the oldest national park in India. Located in Nainital district of Uttarakhand, this national park acts as a protected area for Bengal tigers of India, which are the critically endangered species. Corbett National Park was established in 1936 as Hailey National Park. The standard altitude of this national park ranges from 360 metres to 1,040 metres.

Sprawling over an area of 1,308.58 square kilometres, the region includes 520 square kilometres of dense core area, while the buffer area spreads over 797.72 square kilometres. The dense core area of the reserve forms the Jim Corbett National Park. This national park comprises 512.8 square kilometres of area, which covers riverine belts, hills, marshy depressions, lakes, streams and grass lands.

Formerly, some of the areas of this park were part of the princely state of Tehri Garhwal. In order to make the area less vulnerable for Rohilla invaders, the forests located within the region were cleared. However, a part of this region was ceded to the East India Company by the Raja of Tehri. This was done by him so as to return the favours to the East India Company as it assisted the Raja of Tehri in ousting Gurkhas from his land.

A tribe of the Terai, which was known as the Bokas, settled on this land and began cultivation. However, in the 1860s, with the advent of British rule, this tribe was evicted from the land. After this, the control of the land was passed into the hands of the British Forest Department. The department after gaining control over the land prohibited cultivation along with operation of cattle stations of this land.

In 1907, the British administration focussed on the possibility of establishing a game reserve on this land. As a result of this consideration, in 1936, a reserve area known as Hailey National Park was established which sprawls over an area of 323.75 square kilometres. However, this preserve was renamed as Ramganga National Park in 1954-55, which was later renamed again in 1955-56 as Corbett National Park.

The new name given to this national park honours Jim Corbett, who was a renowned author as well as wildlife conservationist. He played a key role in the establishment of the reserve in the region by influencing the provincial government to agree up on it.

This national park does not authorise hunting, however it permits timber cutting for domestic purposes. Later, rules were passed, which prohibited killing and capturing of reptiles, mammals and birds. In 1974, Jim Corbett National Park was chosen as the location for Project Tiger. At present, this national park is among the thirteen protected areas, which is covered under the Terai Arc Landscape Programme by the World Wildlife Fund.

Corbett Sightseeing

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